In the United States[ edit ] In some localities in the United States, the lists of all sex offenders are made available to the public: Public disclosure of sex offender information[ edit ] Currently, only the United States allows, and more often than not requires public disclosure of offender information, regardless of individual risk. United Kingdom[ edit ] In the United Kingdom, the Violent and Sex Offender Register ViSOR is a database of records of those required to register with the Police under the Sexual Offences Act , those jailed for more than 12 months for violent offences, and unconvicted people thought to be at risk of offending. Such places are usually schools, worship centers, and parks, but could also include public venues stadiums , airports, apartments, malls, major retail stores, college campuses, and certain neighborhoods unless for essential business. Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Montana all have publicly accessible registries for those convicted of murder. The Human Rights Watch organization criticized these laws in a page report published in ,  and in another report in
It will also include individuals who have been granted name suppression. In some jurisdictions, they cannot live within a certain distance of places children or families gather. The Human Rights Watch organization criticized these laws in a page report published in ,  and in another report in In other states, offenders are categorized according to the tier level related to statute of conviction. Montana, for example, has a publicly accessible violent offender registry that includes crimes such as aggravated assault, robbery, assaulting a police officer, both deliberate and non-deliberate homicide and a third conviction for domestic violence. In the United States offenders are often classified in three categories: However, many have lapsed back into homelessness, sleeping alongside railroad tracks. It will be managed by the New Zealand Police and information will be shared between the Police, Child, Youth and Family , the Department of Corrections , the Ministry of Social Development , and the Department of Building and Housing —government agencies which deal with child safety. The sex offenders' register is expected to be operational by once enabling legislation is passed and changes are made to the Corrections Act to enable information sharing. Sex offender registries in the United States Sign at the limits of Wapello, Iowa ; sex offender-free districts appeared as a result of Megan's Law. A study by professors from Columbia University and the University of Michigan found that having police-only sex offender registries e. Level Tier I, Level II, and Level III offenders, information is usually accessible related to that level information being more accessible to the public for higher level offenders. Application to offenses other than felony sexual offenses[ edit ] Sex offender registration has been applied to crimes other than rape, child molestation, and child pornography offenses and is sometimes applied to certain non-sexual offenses. If a felon in Florida is convicted of enough non-sexual felonies in a certain period of time, however, they are required to register for the rest of their life on a "Habitual Offender" registry that is available to the general public. More than half of the children of sex offenders say that fellow students treat them worse due to a parent's RSO status. In some states non-sexual offenses such as unlawful imprisonment may require sex offender registration. Texas has not released anyone in the 15 years since the program was started. It records the details of anyone convicted of a sexual offence against a child or a mentally disabled person. However, since sex crimes are the most under-reported crimes,  whether or not the Department of Justice's 5. Some sex offenders may come to view their central identity as being that of a sex offender due to the registry, and the more a sex offender views themselves as being a criminal the more likely they are to reoffend. This proposed register has received support from both the ruling National Party and the opposition Labour Party. S states do not utilize risk assessment tools when determining ones inclusion on the registry, although studies have shown that actuarial risk assessment instruments, which are created by putting together risk factors found by research to correlate with re-offending, consistently outperform the offense based systems. The state of Washington is among those that have special provisions in their registration code covering homeless offenders, but not all states have such provisions. In addition, registrants are often subject to restrictions that bar loitering, working or living within exclusion zones that sometimes cover entire cities and have forced registrants into encampments, such as the Julia Tuttle Causeway sex offender colony. Some states have Civic Confinement laws, which allow very-high-risk sex offenders to be placed in secure facilities, "in many ways like prisons", where they are supposed to be offered treatment and regularly reevaluated for possible release. Sex offenders' spouses and children can also face harassment and financial hardship as a result of their loved one's sex offender status. Residency restrictions may even cause a sex offender's family to be homeless.
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